More Hours, More Jobs? The Employment Effects of Longer Working Hours
29 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2012
Increases in standard hours have been a contentious policy issue in Germany. Whilst this might directly lead to a substitution of workers by hours, there may also be a positive employment effect due to reduced costs. Moreover, the response of firms differs between firms which offer overtime and those which do not. For a panel of German plants (2001-2006), we analyse the effect of increased standard hours on employment. Using difference-in-difference methods we find that, consistent with theory, overtime plants showed a significant positive employment response, whilst for standard-time plants there is no difference at all between plants which increased standard hours and those which did not.
Keywords: working time, employment, plant-level data, difference-in-differences
JEL Classification: C23, J23, J81
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