Identifying and Developing Effective Applications of Space for Africa

163 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2012 Last revised: 9 Jul 2012

See all articles by Ahmed Al-Rumhi

Ahmed Al-Rumhi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Chang Xin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Chee Wee Choo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Monica Ebert

International Space University

Stavros Georgakas

International Space University

Gary Gilbert

International Space University

Shripathi Hadigal

International Space University

Christopher Johnson

Secure World Foundation; Georgetown University Law Centre; International Space University

Hemil Modi

International Space University

Jonathan Muller

International Space University

Prinal Naidoo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jeffrey Osborne

International Space University

Ifeoma Nzekwe

International Space University

Adriaan Schutte

International Space University

Joel Spark

International Space University

Ricardo Topham

International Space University

Yanxin Zhang

International Space University

Rafael Hernandez

International Space University

Diego Jimenez

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Rachel Samples

International Space University

Bin Chen

International Space University

Date Written: May 1, 2012

Abstract

This report presents the conclusions of the Space and Africa Team Project at the International Space University‟s (ISU) 2011-2012 Masters Program, held at Strasbourg, France. The Identifying and Developing Effective Applications of Space for Africa (IDEAS for Africa) team has assessed how space can contribute to sustained social and economic development in Africa. Space can provide many benefits - from spinoff technologies, satellite applications, and even establishing self-sustained commercial industries. But how is space relevant for Africa? How can space be used to save and improve lives, protect the environment, mitigate severe weather conditions, and build industries and economies? In ISU's first African-focused team project, this report begins by selecting three dissimilar countries to serve as examples for the entire continent. Liberia, Morocco, and South Africa are selected not only based on their respective levels of space development, but also because they differ geographically, socially, economically, and politically. In learning about these target countries, the report maintains a focus on six socio-political focus areas (agriculture, education, energy, environment, health, and STEM education – Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics).

Next, the report discusses three spinoffs especially relevant to improving these conditions. The team selected three for further investigation: Organically Derived Colloidals, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements. Born from space industry research, these spinoffs can be repurposed to improve lives across Africa. The report then finds and analyses four satellite applications especially relevant to African concerns. FarmaBooths (a way of bringing satellite imagery to rural African farmers), Telemedicine Vans, a Desert Movement Predictor, and an Anti-poaching program, are all applications of space technology that can be implemented in Africa.

Two potential space businesses are then analyzed. An African Space Education Center can be used to build domestic capacity in high technology fields, prevent “brain drain”, and foster a domestic space industry. The revival of South Africa's Overberg Test Range is then offered as a potential commercial venture. A discussion of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats is included in the discussion of each space spinoff, satellite application, and space business proposal, along with any ethical implications. Finally, the creation of two organizations to bring space to Africa is discussed. An African Space Agency and a Space for Africa Non-Governmental Organization are two ways to implement our ideas for Africa.

Keywords: Africa, space applications, telemedicine, South Africa, Liberia, Morocco

JEL Classification: N17, N87

Suggested Citation

Al-Rumhi, Ahmed and Xin, Chang and Choo, Chee Wee and Ebert, Monica and Georgakas, Stavros and Gilbert, Gary and Hadigal, Shripathi and Johnson, Christopher and Modi, Hemil and Muller, Jonathan and Naidoo, Prinal and Osborne, Jeffrey and Nzekwe, Ifeoma and Schutte, Adriaan and Spark, Joel and Topham, Ricardo and Zhang, Yanxin and Hernandez, Rafael and Jimenez, Diego and Samples, Rachel and Chen, Bin, Identifying and Developing Effective Applications of Space for Africa (May 1, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2086430 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2086430

Ahmed Al-Rumhi

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Chang Xin

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Chee Wee Choo

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Monica Ebert

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Stavros Georgakas

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Gary Gilbert

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Shripathi Hadigal

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Christopher Johnson (Contact Author)

Secure World Foundation ( email )

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-568-6214 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.swfound.org/

Georgetown University Law Centre ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.law.georgetown.edu/faculty/christopher-d-johnson/

International Space University ( email )

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-568-6214 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.swfound.org/

Hemil Modi

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Jonathan Muller

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Prinal Naidoo

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Jeffrey Osborne

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Ifeoma Nzekwe

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Adriaan Schutte

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Joel Spark

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Ricardo Topham

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Yanxin Zhang

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Rafael Hernandez

International Space University

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Diego Jimenez

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Rachel Samples

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Bin Chen

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
38
Abstract Views
912
PlumX Metrics