The Relationship between City Center Density and Urban Growth or Decline

Posted: 2 Jun 2012 Last revised: 12 Oct 2012

See all articles by Kyle Fee

Kyle Fee

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Daniel A. Hartley

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Date Written: June 1, 2012

Abstract

In this paper we contrast the spatial patterns of population density and other demographic changes in growing versus shrinking MSAs from 1980 to 2010. We find that, on average, shrinking MSAs show the steepest drop in population density near the Central Business District (CBD). Motivated by this fact, we explore the connection between changes in population density at the core of the MSA and MSA productivity. We find that changes in near-CBD population density are positively associated with per capita income growth at the MSA-level. This paper will appear in Revitalizing America’s Cities, Susan Wachter and Kimberly Zeuli, eds, to be published in fall 2013 by the University of Pennsylvania Press.

Keywords: Urban Growth, Agglomeration, Spatial Distribution

JEL Classification: R11, R12

Suggested Citation

Fee, Kyle and Hartley, Daniel A., The Relationship between City Center Density and Urban Growth or Decline (June 1, 2012). FRB of Cleveland Working Paper No. 12-13, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2072258

Kyle Fee

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland ( email )

East 6th & Superior
Cleveland, OH 44101-1387
United States

Daniel A. Hartley (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago ( email )

230 South LaSalle Street
Chicago, IL 60604
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.danielaaronhartley.com

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