Letting Go Without a Fight: Decolonization, Democracy and War, 1900-94

Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 45, No. 5, 2008

26 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2012 Last revised: 2 May 2015

See all articles by Benjamin E. Goldsmith

Benjamin E. Goldsmith

School of Politics & International Relations - Australian National University

Baogang He

Deakin University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 27, 2012

Abstract

Does the type of regime really make no difference to the likelihood of violent conflict over basic issues of stateness such as separatism and decolonization? Can democratic peace theory be successfully applied when dealing with the national identity or stateness question? This article extends the application of the democratic peace to the process of decolonization. It examines conflict between imperial states and their colonies during the process of decolonization and investigates the question of whether democracy affects the likelihood of conflict. The central finding is that, contrary to the implications of some prominent theories of state formation and democracy, democratic imperial states are significantly less likely to go to war with their colonial possessions in the process of achieving independence. Further, the authors find only a monadic, not dyadic, democratic peace effect. The regime type of the colony does not have a significant effect on the likelihood of war. It is the nature of the regime of imperial states, rather than that of colonies, that is a significant factor. In addition, the predominant source of this effect appears to be the institutional constraints placed on executive action within democracies, rather than the influence of mass politics or the effects of political competition. Regarding powerrelated factors, power parity between sovereign and colony makes conflict more likely (a colonial powertransition effect), but imperial decline actually makes war with colonies less likely. Sensitivity analysis reveals that a number of other hypothesized effects cannot find robust support. Simulations are used to assess the magnitude of the effect of regime type pre- and post-independence. Overall, the article contributes to theory development by investigating different institutional aspects of democracy and by distinguishing monadic and dyadic effects.

Keywords: International Relations, International Regimes, Peace and Conflict Studies, Democratic Theory, Conflict, Decolonization

Suggested Citation

Goldsmith, Benjamin E. and He, Baogang, Letting Go Without a Fight: Decolonization, Democracy and War, 1900-94 (March 27, 2012). Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 45, No. 5, 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2030065

Benjamin E. Goldsmith (Contact Author)

School of Politics & International Relations - Australian National University ( email )

Canberra
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://researchers.anu.edu.au/researchers/goldsmith-b

Baogang He

Deakin University ( email )

School of Humanities and Social Sciences
Melbourne, Victoria 3217
Australia

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