Trade Policy Implications of Carbon Labels on Food

Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 59-93, 2012

43 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2012

See all articles by Robert Wolfe

Robert Wolfe

Queen's University - School of Policy Studies

Shane Baddeley

Independent

Peter Cheng

Queen's University - School of Policy Studies

Date Written: February 28, 2012

Abstract

Carbon labels providing information about the carbon embedded in food might influence consumer purchases, which would have a differential effect on producers throughout global food chains. We first discuss why any labels work and then describe the mechanics of carbon labels. The novelty of the paper is an examination of the issues Members of the WTO have raised about all types of labels since 1995. Although carbon labels are voluntary standards for now, their increasing use could become effectively mandatory. Difficulties for exporters will include the lack of an international standard, and the challenge, especially for developing country exporters, of dealing with complex carbon footprint procedures

Keywords: labels, voluntary standards, World Trade Organization, Technical Barriers to Trade, carbon footprint, life-cycle analysis

Suggested Citation

Wolfe, Robert and Baddeley, Shane and Cheng, Peter, Trade Policy Implications of Carbon Labels on Food (February 28, 2012). Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 59-93, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2014789

Robert Wolfe (Contact Author)

Queen's University - School of Policy Studies ( email )

Ontario K7L 3N6
Canada

Shane Baddeley

Independent ( email )

Peter Cheng

Queen's University - School of Policy Studies ( email )

Ontario K7L 3N6
Canada

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