The Anatomy of Error in Decision-Making of Rationally Behaving Agents from the Perspective of the Theory of Bounded Rationality: Extension for Contextual Games
MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics No. 21/2012
18 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2012 Last revised: 30 Jun 2012
Date Written: February 10, 2012
How can errors in decision-making by rationally behaving individuals be explained? The concepts of bounded rationality proposed by H. Simon and of imperfect information in the complex reality by F. Hayek attack the over-restrictive assumption of perfectly informed individuals or organisms in neoclassical microeconomics. Since this assumption excludes erroneous decision-making, some results must be explained by questioning the rationality assumption. In this paper, we show that erroneous decision-making of individuals and organisms is not necessarily erroneous if we look at the contextual games which individuals and organisms play in the complex reality. This helps to explain errors in the decision-making of individuals or organisms, while maintaining the assumption of rational behavior. At the same time, we show that the errors observed in the contextual analysis of games in the decision-making of individuals or organisms can only be apparent.
Keywords: Bounded rationality, complex systems, contextual games, erroneous behavior, rational decision-making
JEL Classification: D01, C73
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation