Applying the VAIC Model to Russian Industrial Enterprises

Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Intellectual Capital University of Nicosia, April 2011

17 Pages Posted: 9 Feb 2012

See all articles by Anna Bykova

Anna Bykova

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Mariya Molodchik

National Research University Higher School of Economics, Perm Campus

Date Written: February 8, 2012

Abstract

Increased attention and focus has been laid on the strategic importance of intellectual capital for modern management. However, intangible resources appear difficult to measure. Today, there are several methods, both financial and nonfinancial ones that allow managing them, to provide benchmarking and analyze its value added function (Sveiby, 2007). The rare investigations of intellectual capital in Russian enterprises show that 'Almost in all industries it is still more profitable to invest in tangible assets rather than in intangible ones' (Volkov, Garanina, 2007). Still, some investigations on the micro level show that there are enterprises with high level of technological capital and innovative activity. The researchers called them 'innovative leaders' and empirically proved that they have high labor productivity and are awarded by market through extra profit (Gonchar et al., 2010). Using the research sample and Pulic’s Value Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC™) the authors investigate empirically the dynamics and structure of VAIC, and study the relation between the intellectual capital and indicators of organizational performance, such as labor productivity, sales growth and profitability. Additionally, the VAIC™ model allows analyzing the role of human, structural and physical capital. This paper outlines the study based on 350 Russian industrial enterprises’ annual statistical and account reports from 2005 through 2007. Besides, the authors adopt the VAIC calculation according to the Russian accounting system’s specifications and limitations. The findings support the hypothesis that a company’s intellectual capital influences favorably the organizational performance, and may indicate future competitiveness. A proof showing that the explanatory power of models is higher when considering the additional variables such as investment in fixed capital, R&D expenditures and a company’s size is represented. The results extend the understanding of the intellectual capital role in creation of sustainable advantages for companies in developing economies where different technological advancements may bring different implications for organizational value creation efficiency.

Keywords: VAIC™ model, organizational performance, Russian industrial enterprises

JEL Classification: D40, C53, L22

Suggested Citation

Bykova, Anna A. and Molodchik, Mariya Anatolievna, Applying the VAIC Model to Russian Industrial Enterprises (February 8, 2012). Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Intellectual Capital University of Nicosia, April 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2001341

Anna A. Bykova (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Studencheskaya str., 38
Lebedeva str., 28
Perm, Perm 614017
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://www.hse.ru/en/

Mariya Anatolievna Molodchik

National Research University Higher School of Economics, Perm Campus ( email )

Studencheskaya street, 38
Perm, Perm 614017
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://www.hse.ru

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