Revenge Without a Cause: The Beginning of American Fur Trade

4 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2012

See all articles by DiMarkco Stephen Chandler

DiMarkco Stephen Chandler

Claremont Graduate University; California State University, Northridge

Date Written: January 19, 2012


After a thorough examination of the letters of communication from John C. Calhoun, William H. Ashley, Hugh Glass, Benjamin O’Fallon and others involved in the beginning of the American fur trade on the upper Missouri River, it is apparent that what started out as a potentially equitable trade relationship between federally licensed American traders and Indians, ended up in a conquest for revenge. How and why this early attempt to trade on the upper Missouri ended in such chaos is the subject of this essay.

Keywords: American History, Fur Trade, trade, fur, history, Indians, revenge, Missouri, John C. Calhoun, war

Suggested Citation

Chandler, DiMarkco Stephen, Revenge Without a Cause: The Beginning of American Fur Trade (January 19, 2012). Available at SSRN: or

DiMarkco Stephen Chandler (Contact Author)

Claremont Graduate University ( email )

150 E. Tenth Street
Claremont, CA 91711
United States

California State University, Northridge ( email )

18111 Nordoff Street
Northridge, CA 91330
United States

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