Institutional Reforms and Educational Attainment in Europe: A Long Run Perspective

68 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2011

See all articles by Michela Braga

Michela Braga

Bocconi University, BAFFI-CAREFIN

Daniele Checchi

Università degli Studi di Milano - Dipartimento di Economia Politica e Aziendale (DEPA); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; IRVAPP

Elena F. Meschi

University of Warwick - Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation (CSGR); Polytechnic University of Marche

Abstract

In this paper we analyse the effects of changes in the institutional design of the educational system on school attainment. In particular, we test whether alternative reforms have increased the average educational attainment of the population and whether various deciles of the education distribution have been differentially affected. We constructed a dataset of relevant reforms occurred at the national level over the last century, and match individual information to the most likely set-up faced when individual educational choices were undertaken. Thus our identification strategy relies on temporal and geographical variations in the institutional arrangements, controlling for time/country fixed effects, as well as for confounding factors. We also explore who are the individual most likely affected by the reforms. We also group different reforms in order to ascertain the prevailing attitudes of policy makers, showing that reforms can belong to either "inclusive" or "selective" in their nature. Finally we correlate these attitudes to political coalitions prevailing in parliament, finding support to the idea that left wing parties support reforms that are inclusive in nature, while right wing parties prefer selective ones.

Keywords: education, institutions, reform, family background

JEL Classification: I2

Suggested Citation

Braga, Michela and Checchi, Daniele and Meschi, Elena F., Institutional Reforms and Educational Attainment in Europe: A Long Run Perspective. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6190, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1976521

Michela Braga (Contact Author)

Bocconi University, BAFFI-CAREFIN ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan
Italy

Daniele Checchi

Università degli Studi di Milano - Dipartimento di Economia Politica e Aziendale (DEPA) ( email )

Milan, 20122
Italy
+39 02 5032 1519 (Phone)
+39 02 5032 1505 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

IRVAPP ( email )

Via Santa Croce 77
Trento, I-38122
Italy

Elena F. Meschi

University of Warwick - Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation (CSGR) ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

Polytechnic University of Marche

Piazzale Martelli 8
Ancona, 18039
Italy

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