Ties that Do Not Bind (Directly): The Education - Terrorism Nexus Revisited
28 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2011 Last revised: 5 Aug 2011
Date Written: 2011
This contribution offers a comprehensive empirical analysis of the effects of education on terrorism for 118 countries for the period 1984 to 2007. We find that education and terrorism are not directly linked, so that education neither fosters nor retards terrorism on its own. Rather, our results suggest that education may fuel terrorist activity in the presence of poor political and socio-economic conditions, whereas better education in combination with favorable conditions decreases terrorism. Thus, the precise effect of education on terrorism depends on country-specific conditions. A successful anti-terrorism strategy should therefore focus on a country's political and socio-economic development, in addition to educational attainment.
Keywords: education, terrorism, counter-terrorism, development strategies, conditional effects
JEL Classification: H56, D74, O15, H52, I2, N40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation