Regional Labour Markets and Job Accessibility in City Network Systems in Germany

Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 528-536

25 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2011 Last revised: 17 Jan 2012

See all articles by Aura Reggiani

Aura Reggiani

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Pietro Bucci

Significance

Giovanni Russo

VU University Amsterdam; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Anette Haas

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany - Institute for Employment Research (IAB)

Peter Nijkamp

VU University of Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Date Written: July 29, 2011

Abstract

Commuting is, therefore, an important equilibrating vehicle in a city network constellation. Cities act as attractors of commuters, as most economic activity occurs in cities, thus providing a high share of attractive workplaces. Cities that are centrally connected in a network may act as both centripetal and centrifugal forces in the whole system. The present paper focuses on what is named the City Network (CN) approach. A central idea is the accessibility concept, which is interpreted here as the potential of opportunity for interaction, which has a positive impact on economic growth. In our paper, the accessibility concept and the CN concept are linked together by positioning accessibility in the CN system. Since accessibility measures give geographical insights into the distribution of economic activities and the related (dis)equilibrium of regional development patterns, the connection with the labour market is evident, and, therefore, a second focus of our analysis. In an applied setting, our paper aims to investigate spatial accessibility patterns in the main CN in Germany. The 17 districts which belong to the country's CN were chosen from the 439 German labour market districts on the basis of three criteria: (a) their connection to the high speed railway network; (b) the most accessible districts according to previous results (2002); (c) relevant districts for the German economy. Our applied modelling research concerns home-to-work commuters traveling between the selected districts belonging to the German CN, for both 2003 and 2007. Here, a comparative analysis of the ranking of the most accessible districts - also for different intra-zonal travel times - is carried out in order to map out the changes in accessibility between 2003 and 2007, especially in the light of new high speed connections and commuting flow dynamics.

Keywords: regional labour market, City Network, accessibility, commuting, German districts

JEL Classification: J2

Suggested Citation

Reggiani, Aura and Bucci, Pietro and Russo, Giovanni and Haas, Anette and Nijkamp, Peter, Regional Labour Markets and Job Accessibility in City Network Systems in Germany (July 29, 2011). Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 528-536, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1898579 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1898579

Aura Reggiani (Contact Author)

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli, 2
Bologna, 40126
Italy

Pietro Bucci

Significance ( email )

The Hague
Netherlands

Giovanni Russo

VU University Amsterdam ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, ND North Holland 1081 HV
Netherlands

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Anette Haas

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany - Institute for Employment Research (IAB) ( email )

Regensburger Str. 104
Nuremberg, 90478
Germany

Peter Nijkamp

VU University of Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 4446091 (Phone)
+31 20 4445611 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS
Netherlands

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