Using Geographically Referenced Data on Environmental Exposures for Public Health Research: A Feasibility Study Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)

22 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2011

See all articles by Sven Voigtländer

Sven Voigtländer

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jan Goebel

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - SOEP

Thomas Claßen

Bielefeld University

Michael Wurm

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ursula Berger

Bielefeld University

Achim Strunk

University of Cologne

Hendrik Elbern

University of Cologne

Date Written: July 2011

Abstract

Background: In panel datasets information on environmental exposures is scarce. Thus, our goal was to probe the use of area-wide geographically referenced data for air pollution from an external data source in the analysis of physical health.

Methods: The study population comprised SOEP respondents in 2004 merged with exposures for NO2, PM10 and O3 based on a multi-year reanalysis of the EURopean Air pollution Dispersion-Inverse Model (EURAD-IM). Apart from bivariate analyses with subjective air pollution we estimated cross-sectional multilevel regression models for physical health as assessed by the SF-12.

Results: The variation of average exposure to NO2, PM10 and O3 was small with the interquartile range being less than 10µg/m3 for all pollutants. There was no correlation between subjective air pollution and average exposure to PM10 and O3, while there was a very small positive correlation between the first and NO2. Inclusion of objective air pollution in regression models did not improve the model fit.

Conclusions: It is feasible to merge environmental exposures to a nationally representative panel study like the SOEP. However, in our study the spatial resolution of the specific air pollutants has been too little, yet.

Keywords: SOEP, geographically referenced data, feasibility study, air pollution, EURAD-IM, physical health

Suggested Citation

Voigtländer, Sven and Goebel, Jan and Claßen, Thomas and Wurm, Michael and Berger, Ursula and Strunk, Achim and Elbern, Hendrik, Using Geographically Referenced Data on Environmental Exposures for Public Health Research: A Feasibility Study Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) (July 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1884910 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1884910

Sven Voigtländer (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Jan Goebel

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - SOEP ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany
+49-30-89789-377 (Phone)
+49-30-89789-200 (Fax)

Thomas Claßen

Bielefeld University ( email )

Universitätsstraße 25
Bielefeld, NRW 33613
Germany

Michael Wurm

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Ursula Berger

Bielefeld University ( email )

Universitätsstraße 25
Bielefeld, NRW 33613
Germany

Achim Strunk

University of Cologne ( email )

Albertus-Magnus-Platz
Cologne, 50923
Germany

Hendrik Elbern

University of Cologne ( email )

Albertus-Magnus-Platz
Cologne, 50923
Germany

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