The Poverty Reduction Success of Public Transfers for Working Age Immigrants and Refugees in the United States

16 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2011

See all articles by Christopher R. Bollinger

Christopher R. Bollinger

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics

Paul A. Hagstrom

Hamilton College - Economics Department

Date Written: April 1, 2011

Abstract

Although there has been some research on the impacts of federal tax and transfer policies on poverty rates for immigrants, virtually no previous work investigates the most disadvantaged group of immigrants: refugees. We estimate probit models for three standard measures of poverty. We find that while immigrants and refugees in particular had much higher poverty rates in the early 1990s, the strong economic growth of the 1990s led to a convergence of those poverty rates by 2000. Our analysis demonstrates that the improvement was largely because of economic conditions and that welfare reform policies appear to have little differential impact on immigrants or refugees. We also find that refugees show a markedly greater response to local labor market conditions than other immigrants or native born.

JEL Classification: JEL H3, I3, J1

Suggested Citation

Bollinger, Christopher R. and Hagstrom, Paul A., The Poverty Reduction Success of Public Transfers for Working Age Immigrants and Refugees in the United States (April 1, 2011). Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 191-206, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1804765 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7287.2010.00217.x

Christopher R. Bollinger (Contact Author)

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics ( email )

Lexington, KY 40506
United States

Paul A. Hagstrom

Hamilton College - Economics Department ( email )

198 College Hill Road
Clinton, NY 13323
United States
315-859-4146 (Phone)
315-859-4632 (Fax)

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