The Effects of Hyper-Inflation on Accounting Ratios: Financing Corporate Growth in Industrial Economies
International Finance Corporation, Department of Economics Working Paper No. 3
Posted: 17 Oct 1999
Hyper-inflation can have a severe distortionary effect on the pattern of corporate finance which is apparent from company accounts. A simple algorithm, based upon the method of inflation accounting applied in Brazil, is developed and applied to the accounts of Turkish listed companies for the period 1982-90. The adjusted figures give a more plausible picture of corporate profitability and growth, and this suggests that the adjustment method is substantially successful. The financing patterns emerging from the adjusted data support the proposition of Singh and Hamid (1992) and Singh (1995) that (a)the corporate sector in developing countries tends to rely more on external finance than on internal finance for growth and (b), among the external sources of funds, it uses new share issues to a surprisingly high degree. Further adjustments to the measurement of the external finance variable for Turkey and other countries also support this proposition. This contradicts the "pecking order" hypothesis, which suggests that retained profits are the preferred source of finance, and also runs contrary to the belief that the capital markets of developing countries are inadequate to support substantial corporate growth by external financing, including equity financing.
JEL Classification: G31, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation