Household Decision-Making Under Threat of Violence: A Micro Level Study in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

MICROCON Research Working Paper No. 39

35 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2011

See all articles by Mohammad Badiuzzaman

Mohammad Badiuzzaman

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Institute of Social Studies (ISS)

John J. Cameron

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Institute of Social Studies (ISS)

Syed Mansoob Murshed

Institute of Social Studies (ISS)

Date Written: January 15, 2011

Abstract

We analyze rural household livelihood and children’s educational investment decisions in a post-conflict setting located in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region of Bangladesh. The study represents a contribution to the microeconomic analysis of conflict. Another innovation of the paper lies in the fact that we employ information about subjective perceptions of violent experiences, which is in turn used to explain household economic decision making. Heightened subjective perceptions of violence lower consumption expenditure, but it can raise land use intensity, and more risky mixed crop cultivation. In some case experiences of displacement and other violence raises the likelihood of households sending children to school. This indicates that a specific post-conflict ‘phoenix’ factor may be in operation, even without substantial infrastructure reconstruction. Also, the trauma emanating from actual past experiences combined with current high perceptions of risk of violence after an imperfect accord ending a low-intensity conflict may make people bolder and more risk taking in order to enhance their long-term future. We, therefore, also make a contribution to the literature on a non-linear relationship between violence and the temporal patterning of livelihood decision-making.

Keywords: Micro-Analysis of Post-Conflict Situations, Risky Rural Livelihood Decisions, Subjective Perceptions of Violence, Livelihoods, Conflict, Risk, Land Use, Schooling

JEL Classification: D72, D74, O10, O40

Suggested Citation

Badiuzzaman, Mohammad and Cameron, John J. and Murshed, Syed Mansoob, Household Decision-Making Under Threat of Violence: A Micro Level Study in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh (January 15, 2011). MICROCON Research Working Paper No. 39, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1762752 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1762752

Mohammad Badiuzzaman

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Institute of Social Studies (ISS) ( email )

PO Box 29776
2502 LT The Hague, 2518 AX
Netherlands

John J. Cameron

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Institute of Social Studies (ISS) ( email )

PO Box 29776
2502 LT The Hague, 2518 AX
Netherlands

Syed Mansoob Murshed (Contact Author)

Institute of Social Studies (ISS) ( email )

PO Box 29776
2502 LT The Hague, 2518 AX
Netherlands
+31 70 426 0591 (Phone)
+31 70 426 0799 (Fax)

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