Mother's Autonomy and Child Welfare: A New Measure and Some New Evidence

28 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2011

See all articles by Tanika Chakraborty

Tanika Chakraborty

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur

Prabal K. De

City College of New York; CUNY Graduate Center

Abstract

We construct a new, direct measure of female autonomy in household decision-making by creating an index from the principal components of a variety of household variables on which mother of a child takes decision. We then examine its impacts on her child's secondary education in Mexico and find that the children of Mexican mothers with greater autonomy in domestic decision making have higher enrollment in and lower probability of dropping out of secondary school. We use the relative proximity of spousal parents as instruments for relative autonomy to ameliorate the potential endogeneity between autonomy and welfare outcomes. We argue that omitted variables that may drive education and autonomy are likely to be uncorrelated with the ones driving location choice of families given the migration patterns in Mexico. However, the positive autonomy effect is weaker and non-existent for older children and for girls suggesting that gender-directed conditional cash transfer policies may not necessarily hasten educational and gender transition in the process of development.

Keywords: female empowerment, principal component, education, instrumental variable

JEL Classification: D1, I2, J1

Suggested Citation

Chakraborty, Tanika and De, Prabal, Mother's Autonomy and Child Welfare: A New Measure and Some New Evidence. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5438, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1745713

Tanika Chakraborty (Contact Author)

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur ( email )

Kharagpur
Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208016
India

Prabal De

City College of New York ( email )

Convert Avenue at 138th Street
New York, NY 10031
United States

CUNY Graduate Center ( email )

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://prabal.commons.gc.cuny.edu/

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