Identifying the 'Lovely' Jobs: Job Quality and Economic Independence of Welfare Users
40 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2011 Last revised: 18 Jan 2011
Date Written: December 30, 2010
In this study, we identify the jobs that facilitate economic independence among welfare users. We call these jobs "good" jobs. In our analysis, job attributes are broadened to include non-wage attributes that contribute to future earnings such as job stability and advancement opportunities. We find that even after controlling for hourly wage and work intensity (indicators for current compensation), employment in occupations with higher median earnings, lower ratios of part-time workers and unemployment, and occupations that require certificates or educational degrees is highly correlated with the likelihood and the speed of achieving economic independence. Our analysis complements earlier studies on job market outcomes of welfare recipients by expanding the analysis to the national level and by incorporating across state differences in welfare policies.
Keywords: Job Quality, Low-Skilled Workers, Welfare Reform, Work-First, Economic Independence
JEL Classification: I32, J24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation