Long-Term Health Effects on the Next Generation of Ramadan Fasting During Pregnancy

34 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2010

See all articles by Reyn van Ewijk

Reyn van Ewijk

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz - Department of Economics

Date Written: July 9, 2010

Abstract

Each year, many pregnant Muslim women fast during Ramadan. Using Indonesian cross-sectional data and building upon work of Almond & Mazumder (2009), I show that people who were prenatally exposed to Ramadan fasting have a poorer general health than others. As predicted by medical theory, this effect is especially pronounced among older people, who also more often report symptoms indicative of coronary heart problems and type 2 diabetes. Among exposed Muslims the share of males is lower, which is most likely caused by death before birth. I show that these effects are unlikely the result of common health shocks correlated to the occurrence of Ramadan, or of fasting mainly occurring among women who would have had unhealthier children anyway.

Keywords: Health, Ramadan, Pregnancy, Nutrition, Indonesia

JEL Classification: I1, I12, J1, J14

Suggested Citation

van Ewijk, Reyn, Long-Term Health Effects on the Next Generation of Ramadan Fasting During Pregnancy (July 9, 2010). Netspar Discussion Paper No. 07/2010-040, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1708028 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1708028

Reyn Van Ewijk (Contact Author)

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz - Department of Economics ( email )

Saarstrasse 21
Mainz, D-55099
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.econometrics.economics.uni-mainz.de/392.php

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