Is Corporate Hedging Consistent with Value Maximization? An Empirical Analysis
47 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 1999
Date Written: June 25, 1999
We study the derivative holdings of firms facing interest rate and/or currency risk. We net long and short positions to measure the extent of hedging with net notional values. We find that hedging increases with expected financial distress costs, firm size, and investment opportunities. Our evidence is also consistent with firms hedging to increase debt capacity and therefore firm value. We explicitly estimate the convexity in each firm's tax function but do not find evidence that convexity affects corporate hedging. We estimate that the potential increase in value related to tax convexity is much smaller than the tax gain associated with increased debt capacity.
JEL Classification: G32, G39
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation