Christian Missionaries and Education in Former African Colonies: How Competition Mattered

Posted: 10 May 2010

See all articles by Francisco A. Gallego

Francisco A. Gallego

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile - Institute of Economics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics

Robert D. Woodberry

University of Texas at Austin

Abstract

Using regional data for about 180 African provinces, we find that measures of Protestant missionary activity in the past are more correlated with schooling variables today than similar measures of Catholic missionary activity, as previous papers have suggested. However, we find that this effect is mainly driven by differences in Catholic areas (i.e., areas in which Catholic missionaries were protected from competition from Protestant missionaries in the past). This is not surprising because most former Catholic colonies had a number of restrictions to the operation of Protestant missionaries that benefited Catholic missionaries. Therefore, our results are consistent with an economic rationale in which different rules created differences in competitive pressures faced by Catholic and Protestant missionaries.

Keywords: I20, N30, N37, N47, O15, Z12

Suggested Citation

Gallego, Francisco A. and Woodberry, Robert D., Christian Missionaries and Education in Former African Colonies: How Competition Mattered. Journal of African Economies, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 294-329, 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1601763 or http://dx.doi.org/ejq001

Francisco A. Gallego (Contact Author)

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile - Institute of Economics ( email )

Casilla 76
Correo 17
Santiago
Chile

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics ( email )

284 Vassar St. Apt. G1
Cambridge, MA 02139
United States
617-577-5890 (Phone)

Robert D. Woodberry

University of Texas at Austin ( email )

2317 Speedway
Austin, TX 78712
United States

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