The Performance of Performance-Based Budgeting in Boom Versus Bust Years: An Analytical Framework and Survey of States

53 Pages Posted: 7 May 2010

See all articles by Yilin Hou

Yilin Hou

Maxwell School, Syracuse University

Date Written: April 10, 2010

Abstract

This article divides the era of performance-based budgeting (PBB) into three periods: rise and development in the 1990s, continuation and peak in the 2000s and level-off afterwards. The article examines the performance of PBB on four aspects: development of performance measures, its use in budgeting and management, its utility across the business cycle, and its usefulness for budget players. We devise an analytical framework that builds on publicness as the distinctive feature of government, draws on the principal-agent model to emphasize issues of accountability, and brings in incentive mechanisms theory to show difficulty in performance measurement. We survey 11 representative states and find: that developing performance measures is a gradual process, that PBB functions better in management than in budgeting, that PBB is used widely in boom years but not in bust years, and that PBB is used selectively by legislators but more widely by the executives.

Keywords: budgeting, state, performance-based budgeting, boom and bust

JEL Classification: H70, H72, H76, H83

Suggested Citation

Hou, Yilin, The Performance of Performance-Based Budgeting in Boom Versus Bust Years: An Analytical Framework and Survey of States (April 10, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1601464 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1601464

Yilin Hou (Contact Author)

Maxwell School, Syracuse University ( email )

426 Eggers Hall
Syracuse, NY 13244-1020
United States
315-443-3114 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maxwell.syr.edu/pa/cpr/Hou,_Yilin/

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