Inequality, Polarization and Poverty in Nigeria

Poverty and Economic Policy Research Network Working Paper No. PMMA-2010-04

43 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2010 Last revised: 18 Apr 2010

See all articles by Awoyemi Taiwo Timothy

Awoyemi Taiwo Timothy

University of Ibadan - Department of Economics

Isaac Busayo Oluwatayo

University of Limpopo

Oluwakemi Adeola Obayelu

University of Ibadan - Department of Agricultural Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 25, 2010

Abstract

This study examines the effect of zonal differences on the distribution of per capita expenditure in terms of polarization, inequality, and poverty in Nigeria. Data sources include the NCS 1996 and NLSS 2004, and analytical techniques used include Gini index and selected measures of polarization. Dimensions around which polarization have taken place were analyzed following the identification-alienation framework. A simulation method was used to measure the effect of different levels of inequality and polarization on poverty in Nigeria. The study reveals declines in the level of inequality and polarization in Nigeria, while an increasing level of identification indicates an emerging level of bipolarization. The main dimensions of increasing polarization include zone, secondary education, unemployment, sector and gender. It is inferred that inter-zonal, inequality-reducing policies will be more effective and efficient at reducing poverty. Egalitarian-focused polices are suggested to reduce differences among polarization dimensions in order to forestall conflicts and social tension in Nigeria.

Keywords: Spatial Inequality, Poverty, Polarization, Bipolarization, Gini Index, Simulation Social Tension

JEL Classification: A10, C02 D63, I38, Y20

Suggested Citation

Awoyemi, Taiwo Timothy and Oluwatayo, Isaac Busayo and Obayelu, Oluwakemi Adeola, Inequality, Polarization and Poverty in Nigeria (March 25, 2010). Poverty and Economic Policy Research Network Working Paper No. PMMA-2010-04, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1578342 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1578342

Taiwo Timothy Awoyemi (Contact Author)

University of Ibadan - Department of Economics ( email )

Department of Economics
Ibadan, OK Oyo State 900001
Nigeria

Isaac Busayo Oluwatayo

University of Limpopo ( email )

Turfloop
Polokwane, Limpopo 0727
South Africa
+27784493162 (Phone)

Oluwakemi Adeola Obayelu

University of Ibadan - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

Ibadan
Nigeria

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