On Pricing Risky Loans and Collateralized Fund Obligations
19 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2010 Last revised: 30 Jan 2011
Date Written: July 7, 2009
Loan spreads are analysed for two types of loans. The first takes losses at maturity only; the second one follows the formulation of CFOs (Collateralized Fund Obligations), with losses registered over the lifetime of the contract. In both cases, the implementation requires the choice of a process for the underlying asset value and the identification of the parameters. The parameters of the process are inferred from the option volatility surface by treating equity options as compound options with equity itself being viewed as an option on the asset value with a strike set at the debt level following Merton (1974). Using data on General Motors stock during the year 2002/2003, we show that the use of spectrally negative Lévy processes is capable of delivering realistic spreads without inflating debt levels, deflating debt maturities or deviating from the estimated probability laws.
Keywords: first passage times, Merton compound option model, spectrally negative process
JEL Classification: G1, G12, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation