Industry Associations as Facilitators of Social Capital: The Establishment and Early Operations of the Melbourne Wool Brokers Association
Business History, Vol. 50, No. 6, pp. 781-94, 2008
Posted: 22 Dec 2009
Date Written: November 1, 2008
Relocation of the selling of Australia’s wool clip from London to cities in Australia in the late nineteenth century led to the creation of wool selling industry associations, such as the Melbourne Woolbrokers Association (MWA). Highly successful in fostering competitive collaboration that improved market efficiency, the Association rested on the social capital brought to it and further developed by the participants, individuals with extensive connections in the pastoral, banking and transport industries. The collective social capital vested in the Association enabled the earning of economic rents, firstly from the high trust created through internal cohesion reinforced by formalised sanctions, and secondly from a capacity to span ‘structural holes’ between networks outside of the Association.
Keywords: Australia, business associations, wool selling, social capital, business
JEL Classification: N87, Q13, D4, D7, D85
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation