Are Sovereign Wealth Funds' Investments Politically Biased? A Comparison with Mutual Funds

50 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2010

See all articles by Rolando Avendano

Rolando Avendano

Asian Development Bank

Javier Santiso

ESADE Business School

Date Written: December 18, 2009


Global allocation of capital and fluctuations in asset prices are increasingly influenced by the activities of Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs). The Santiago Principles called for higher transparency, stressing that SWFs should exhibit clearer governance standards and sound portfolio management principles. Although asset allocation strategies for these funds are not known, SWFs are suspected to follow other factors besides risk-return objectives. This paper attempts to shed light on some of these concerns. The fear that sovereigns with political motivations use their financial power to secure large stakes in Western companies is shown to be unfounded. We find that SWF investment decisions do not differ greatly from those of other wealth managers. We propose to use mutual funds’ investments as a benchmark for SWF investment allocations. We collect data of SWF and mutual fund equity investment at the firm level and analyse these investments on a geographical and sector basis. Moreover, we compare target investments for these two groups by looking at the political regime in the sending and recipient country, under the hypothesis that this variable is not determinant for SWF investments. Finally, we provide a comparison of SWFs and other public funds based on governance features related to investment. We argue that double standards for regulation should be avoided and efforts to achieve higher transparency should be made by all investing actors.

Keywords: Sovereign Wealth Funds, Asset Allocation, Regulation, Political Regimes, Benchmark

JEL Classification: F21, G11, G18, O57

Suggested Citation

Avendano, Rolando and Santiso, Javier, Are Sovereign Wealth Funds' Investments Politically Biased? A Comparison with Mutual Funds (December 18, 2009). Available at SSRN: or

Rolando Avendano (Contact Author)

Asian Development Bank ( email )

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550
Metro Manila

Javier Santiso

ESADE Business School ( email )

Mateo Inurria 27
Madrid, 28036

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics