The Executive Toolbox: Building Legislative Support in a Multiparty Presidential Regime
Political Research Quarterly, 2010
36 Pages Posted: 23 Nov 2009
Date Written: October 21, 2009
How do presidents win legislative support under conditions of extreme multipartism? Comparative presidential research has offered two parallel answers, one relying on distributive politics and the other claiming that legislative success is a function of coalition formation. We merge these insights in an integrated approach to executive-legislative relations while also considering dynamism and particular bargaining contexts. We find that the two presidential “tools” – pork and coalition goods – function as substitutes. Coalition goods establish an exchange baseline, while pork covers the ongoing costs of operation. Pork expenditures also depend upon a president’s bargaining leverage and the distribution of legislative seats.
Keywords: Coalitions, Multiparty Presidential Regime, Cabinet Position, Pork Barrel
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