Is NAFTA a Good Model for China? Lessons from Mexico and the United States
Jiangxi Social Sciences, Vol. 5, p. 244, 2009
25 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2009
Date Written: October 10, 2009
In response to skyrocketing food prices, the global financial crisis, and the degradation of farm lands due to urbanization and industrialization, China has placed rural development at the top of its political agenda. China’s renewed emphasis on rural development is taking place against a backdrop of global efforts to reduce trade barriers in the agricultural sector. This article uses the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as a case study on the complex ways that trade policy affects domestic efforts to protect the environment and promote rural development. The objective is to draw lessons from the experiences of the United States and Mexico under NAFTA that may enable China and other developing countries to simultaneously promote economic development, alleviate poverty, and protect the environment.
Keywords: globalization, North American Free Trade Agreement, agriculture, environment, biodiversity, trade policy, law and development, neoliberalism, China, Mexico
JEL Classification: F14, F15, F22, F34, N56, N76, O13, O15, O19, Q17, Q18, R14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation