Demographic Change, Human Capital and Endogenous Growth
52 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2009
Date Written: August 10, 2007
This paper employs a large scale overlapping generations (OLG) model with endogenous education to evaluate the quantitative role of human capital adjustments for the economic consequences of demographic change. We find that endogenous human capital formation is an important adjustment mechanism which substantially mitigates the macroeconomic impact of demographic change. Welfare gains from demographic change for newborn households are approximately three times higher when households endogenously adjust their education. Low ability agents experience higher welfare gains. Endogenous growth through human capital formation is found to increase the long-run growth rate in the economy by 0.2-0.4 percentage points.
Keywords: population aging, human capital, endogenous growth, heterogenous agents, distribution of welfare
JEL Classification: E17, E25, D33, C68, J11, J24
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