Longitudinal Analysis of Voluntary Adoption of XBRL on Financial Reporting
International Journal of Economics and Accounting, Vol. 2, No. 2: 173-189, 2011
31 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2009 Last revised: 26 Jul 2014
In December 2008, the SEC approved final rules which require companies to submit financial statements in XBRL format with their SEC filings, beginning with quarterly June 2009 filings for the largest companies and within three years for all public companies. Previously, the SEC established a voluntary filing program for XBRL reporting in March 2005. Accordingly, the objectives of our study are: (1) to provide an overview of the benefits and global development of XBRL and (2) to evaluate the extent of XBRL adoption following the implementation of the voluntary filing program. We find the quantity of voluntary reporting to be relatively low, but reporting significantly increased over time. Voluntary adopters are larger and more innovative firms in their industries. We find evidence suggesting increasing efficiency in XBRL reporting, as reporting lags have significantly decreased over time. This efficiency improvement is positive news and may accrue to other companies after they are required to use XBRL reporting. XBRL is expected to have a positive effect on accounting and financial reporting worldwide, particularly used in conjunction with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).
Keywords: XBRL, Securities and Exchange Commission, IFRS, information technology
JEL Classification: M41, F23, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation