Dynamic Effects of Oil Price Shocks and Their Impact on the Current Account

37 Pages Posted: 9 Jun 2009

Date Written: June 8, 2009

Abstract

Our objective is to study the dynamic effects of an oil price shock on economic key variables and on the current account of a small open economy. To do this, we introduce time non-separable preferences in a standard model of a small open economy, where labor supply is endogenous and imported oil is used both as an intermediate input in production and as a consumption good. Using a plausible calibration of the model, we show that the changes in output and employment are quite small, and that the current account exhibits the J-curve property, both being in line with recent empirical evidence. After an oil price increase, the current account first deteriorates, and after some time it turns into surplus. We explain this non-monotonic behavior with agents' reluctance to change their consumption expenditures, resulting in an initial trade balance deficit which causes the current account to deteriorate. Over time, with gradually falling expenditures, the trade balance improves suffciently to turn the current account into surplus. The model thus provides a plausible explanation of recent empirical findings.

Keywords: oil price shocks, time non-separable preferences, current account dynamics

JEL Classification: F32, F41,Q43

Suggested Citation

Schubert, Stefan Franz, Dynamic Effects of Oil Price Shocks and Their Impact on the Current Account (June 8, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1416130 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1416130

Stefan Franz Schubert (Contact Author)

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano ( email )

Via Sernesi 1
39100 Bozen-Bolzano (BZ)
Italy
+390471013495 (Phone)

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