Energy and India's Foreign Policy
Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) Working Paper No. 75
44 Pages Posted: 7 May 2009
Date Written: May 1, 2008
The study explores the role of energy in India’s foreign policy strategy and examines the wide gap between India’s need for a strategic energy policy and the government of India’s inability to put such a policy into practice. As a stark departure from the idealized vision, India’s energy supply chains that have grown increasingly creaky and unreliable. Only halting progress has been made towards reform and, without fundamental reform, it is likely that India’s global energy strategy will continue to be a failure.
In particular, the authors examine the relationship between India’s energy policy and its foreign policy by highlighting both themes and vignettes in three different areas of the energy system: oil & natural gas, coal, and electricity. They find that fickle domestic political coalitions dominate energy policymaking in India and that these unstable coalitions, when combined with the weak administrative capacity of the Indian state, leave India’s foreign policy apparatus incapable of making credible commitments in the energy sector.
Keywords: India, Energy policy of India, Foreign policy of India, State-owned companies, Reforms in India
JEL Classification: Q48, P16, P11, L50, D78
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation