The Role of Housing-Related Inputs in the Household Production of Children’s Health and Education: Some Empirical Results
80 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2009
Date Written: April 28, 2009
This paper explores the role of housing-related variables including housing affordability, length of stay, tenure, and neighborhood quality in influencing certain educational and cognitive development outcomes of children in lower income families in the United States. The role of these variables is examined within a household production function model. Separate models on factors associated with three child outcomes are specified and estimated. These outcomes are: the health of the child; participation of the child in organized activities outside school; and the ability of the child to focus on tasks and follow instructions well. The models are estimated using the Making Connections data set for ten U.S. sites. Estimation results suggest that in addition to socio-economic status variables and family composition, housing-related factors like housing affordability, length of stay, tenure and neighborhood quality play a role in influencing certain child outcomes.
Keywords: children’s health, children’s education, household production function, housing, housing affordability, neighborhood quality, low-income families in the U.S.
JEL Classification: D13, I12, I20, R21, R31
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