Where the Girls are: Trade and Labor Market Segregation in Colombia

25 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2009

See all articles by Josh Ederington

Josh Ederington

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics

Jenny Minier

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics

Kenneth R. Troske

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics; University of Missouri at Columbia - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Gary Becker's theory of discrimination argues that increasing competition will reduce discrimination in the labor market. We use the Colombian trade liberalization episode over the period 1984ヨ91 to investigate this claim on plant-level data in three ways. First, we examine whether women are concentrated in exporting plants. Second, we examine whether the increase in foreign competition due to unilateral trade liberalization disproportionately drove discriminating plants out of the market. Finally, we investigate whether trade liberalization affected hiring decisions (and thus gender segregation) by Colombian firms.

Keywords: discrimination, trade, competition

JEL Classification: J7

Suggested Citation

Ederington, Josh and Minier, Jenny and Troske, Kenneth R., Where the Girls are: Trade and Labor Market Segregation in Colombia. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4131, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1395078

Josh Ederington (Contact Author)

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics ( email )

335 Business and Economics Building
Lexington, KY 40506
United States

Jenny Minier

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics ( email )

335 Business and Economics Building
Lexington, KY 40506
United States

Kenneth R. Troske

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics ( email )

Lexington, KY 40506
United States

University of Missouri at Columbia - Department of Economics ( email )

118 Professional Building
Columbia, MO 65211
United States
573-882-4229 (Phone)
573-882-2697 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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