Evaluating the Impact of Community-Based Health Interventions: Evidence from Brazil's Family Health Program

60 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2009

See all articles by Romero Rocha

Romero Rocha

Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio)

Rodrigo R. Soares

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA); Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Sao Paulo School of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper analyzes the direct and indirect impacts of Brazil's Family Health Program. We estimate the effects of the program on mortality and on household behavior related to child labor and schooling, employment of adults, and fertility. We find consistent effects of the program on reductions in mortality throughout the age distribution, but mainly at earlier ages. Municipalities in the poorest regions of the country benefit particularly from the program. For these regions, implementation of the program is also robustly associated with increased labor supply of adults, reduced fertility, and increased schooling. Evidence suggests that the Family Health Program is a highly cost-effective tool for improving health in poor areas.

Keywords: family health program, mortality, household behavior, impact evaluation, Brazil

JEL Classification: I12, I18, J10, J13, J24, O54

Suggested Citation

Rocha, Romero and Soares, Rodrigo R., Evaluating the Impact of Community-Based Health Interventions: Evidence from Brazil's Family Health Program. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4119, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1391791

Romero Rocha (Contact Author)

Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio) ( email )

Rua Marquas de Sao Vicente, 225
Rio De Janeiro, RJ 22453-900
Brazil

Rodrigo R. Soares

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA) ( email )

420 West 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Sao Paulo School of Economics ( email )

Rua Itapeva 474 s.1202
São Paulo, São Paulo 01332-000
Brazil

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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