Entry Barriers, Property Rights, and R&D Activities: Evidence from OECD Countries
41 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2009
Date Written: February 6, 2009
Despite the theoretical argument and empirical evidence that R&D is essential for technological progress and economic growth, there are large variations in R&D expenditures across countries and industries, even among OECD countries. What institutional factors may be responsible for such variations? We focus on two types of institutions: entry regulation and intellectual property rights protection, and examine whether these two institutions exert differential effects on R&D activities across industries. The results show that countries with lower entry cost and better intellectual property rights protection tend to invest more in R&D, especially in industries with high natural entry rate and high R&D intensity. Various robustness checks confirm that the results are not due to reverse causality, omitted variables or outliers.
Keywords: Entry, Regulation, Market Power, Property Rights, R&D
JEL Classification: K2, O3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation