Factors Affecting Nurses' Decision to Get the Flu Vaccine
European Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 227-231, May 2009
Posted: 23 Aug 2009
Date Written: January 17, 2009
The objective of the study is to identify factors that influence the decision whether or not to get the flu vaccine among nurses in Israel by using the Health Belief Model (HBM).
Methods: A questionnaire distributed among 299 nurses in Israel in winter 2005 /2006 included: (a) socio-demographic information, (b) variables based on the Health Belief Model (HBM), including susceptibility, seriousness, benefits, barriers and cues to action, and (c) knowledge about influenza and the vaccine, and health motivation. A probit model was used to analyze the data.
Results: In Israel, the significant HBM categories affecting nurses' decision to get a flu shot are the perceived benefits from vaccination and cues to action. In addition, nurses who are vaccinated have higher levels of: (a) knowledge regarding the vaccine and influenza, (b) perceived seriousness of the illness, (c) perceived susceptibility, and (d) health motivation than do those who do not get the vaccine.
Conclusions: Immunization of healthcare workers (HCW) may reduce the risk of flu outbreaks in all types of healthcare facilities and reduce morbidity and mortality among high-risk patients. In order to increase vaccination rates among nurses, efforts should be made to educate them regarding the benefits of vaccination and the potential health consequences of influenza for their patients, and themselves.
Keywords: Health Belief Model, Influenza, Vaccination, Nurses, Questionnaire
JEL Classification: I1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation