Determinants of Choice of Migration Destination

50 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Marcel Fafchamps

Marcel Fafchamps

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies

Forhad Shilpi

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: September 1, 2008

Abstract

Internal migration plays an important role in moderating regional differences in well-being. This paper analyzes migrants' choice of destination, using Census and Living Standard Surveys data from Nepal. The paper examines how the choice of a migration destination is influenced by income differentials, distance, population density, social proximity, and amenities. The study finds population density and social proximity to have a strong significant effect: migrants move primarily to high population density areas where many people share their language and ethnic background. Better access to amenities is significant as well. Differentials in expected income and consumption expenditures across districts are found to be relatively less important in determining migration destination choice as their effects are smaller in magnitude than those of other determinants. The results of the study suggest that an improvement in amenities (such as the availability of paved roads) at the origin could slow down out-migration substantially.

Keywords: Population Policies, Economic Theory & Research, Transport Economics Policy & Planning, Inequality

Suggested Citation

Fafchamps, Marcel and Shilpi, Forhad, Determinants of Choice of Migration Destination (September 1, 2008). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4728, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1276665

Marcel Fafchamps (Contact Author)

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Forhad Shilpi

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-7476 (Phone)
202-522-1151 (Fax)

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