Ownership Relations in the Presence of Cross-Shareholding
24 Pages Posted: 29 Aug 2008 Last revised: 28 Feb 2009
Date Written: March 6, 2008
The direct ownership structure in a sector can be readily obtained from data on shareholding. Due to cross-shareholding, however, the true ownership structure may be hidden by a complex network of indirect relations. In studying the property structure, two important aspects are the size of the relations between primary owners (e.g. individuals) and secondary owners (e.g. companies), and the distance between them. The distance is obtained from the average number of secondary owners via whom the relation runs. As an empirical application, we study the banking sector in the Czech Republic, where also the relation between distance and separation of dividend and control rights is discussed.
Keywords: cross-shareholding, ownership relations, dividend and control rights, input-output analysis
JEL Classification: L16, G32, D57
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation