Culture: An Empirical Investigation of Beliefs, Work, and Fertility

Posted: 24 Jul 2008

See all articles by Raquel Fernández

Raquel Fernández

New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Alessandra Fogli

Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2005

Abstract

We study the effect of culture on important economic outcomes by using the 1970 census to examine the work and fertility behavior of women born in the U.S. but whose parents were born elsewhere. We use past female labor force participation and total fertility rates from the country of ancestry as our cultural proxies. These variables should capture, in addition to past economic and institutional conditions, the beliefs commonly held about the role of women in society (i.e., culture). Given the different time and place, only the beliefs embodied in the cultural proxies should be potentially relevant. We show that these cultural proxies have positive and significant explanatory power for individual work and fertility outcomes, even after controlling for possible indirect effects of culture. We examine alternative hypotheses for these positive correlations and show that neither unobserved human capital nor networks are likely to be responsible.

Keywords: Female labor force participation, Fertility, Cultural transmission, Immigrants, Neighborhoods, Networks, Family

JEL Classification: J13, J21, Z10

Suggested Citation

Fernández, Raquel and Fogli, Alessandra, Culture: An Empirical Investigation of Beliefs, Work, and Fertility (April 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1174462

Raquel Fernández (Contact Author)

New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Alessandra Fogli

Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis ( email )

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Minneapolis, MN 55480
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