Labour Market for Teachers: Demographic Characteristics and Allocative Mechanisms

47 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2008

See all articles by Gianna Barbieri

Gianna Barbieri

Ministry of Education Italy

Piero Cipollone

World Bank; Bank of Italy

Paolo Sestito

Bank of Italy

Date Written: July 11, 2008

Abstract

The paper considers the teachers' labour market in Italy. The quality and motivation of teachers are certainly among the determinants of pupils' achievement, but they are difficult to measure, so we examine the composition of the pool of teachers and their behaviour to infer information about them. We look also at the institutional features that motivate the implicit contract that drives Italian teachers' behaviour, which essentially involves low salary and correspondingly low commitment and effort. In particular we examine the mechanism that allocates teachers to schools. For each school we construct three indicators; one indicating the level of turnover, which we interpret as a source of turmoil; one that refers to the mismatch between tenured teachers and their school; and a "revealed preferences indicator" that measures the schools' quality as evaluated by the population of tenured teachers. We measure the association at the school level of our indicators with achievement as gauged by PISA 2003. Students scores are correlated negatively to the turnover and the mismatch indicators, positively to revealed preferences.

Keywords: Teachers labour market, Italian educational system

JEL Classification: I20, I21, I28

Suggested Citation

Barbieri, Gianna and Cipollone, Piero and Sestito, Paolo, Labour Market for Teachers: Demographic Characteristics and Allocative Mechanisms (July 11, 2008). Bank of Italy Temi di Discussione (Working Paper) No. 672, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1160158 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1160158

Gianna Barbieri

Ministry of Education Italy ( email )

Italy

Piero Cipollone (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Paolo Sestito

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

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