Growing Out of Poverty: Trends and Patterns of Urban Poverty in China 1988-2002

42 Pages Posted: 23 May 2008

See all articles by Simon Appleton

Simon Appleton

University of Nottingham - School of Economics

Lina Song

Nottingham University Business School

Qingjie Xia

Peking University

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Abstract

This paper estimates trends in absolute poverty in urban China from 1988 to 2002 using the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) surveys. Poverty incidence curves are plotted, showing that poverty has fallen markedly during the period regardless of the exact location of the poverty line. Income inequality rose from 1988 to 1995 but has been fairly constant thereafter. Models of the determination of income and poverty reveal widening differentials by education, sex and party membership. Income from government anti-poverty programs has little impact on poverty, which has fallen almost entirely due to overall economic growth rather than redistribution.

Keywords: poverty, inequality, economic growth, welfare, public policy, China

JEL Classification: O15, J38, O38

Suggested Citation

Appleton, Simon and Song, Lina and Xia, Qingjie, Growing Out of Poverty: Trends and Patterns of Urban Poverty in China 1988-2002. IZA Working Paper No. 3459, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1136180 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Simon Appleton (Contact Author)

University of Nottingham - School of Economics ( email )

University Park
Nottingham NG7 2RD
United Kingdom

Lina Song

Nottingham University Business School ( email )

Jubilee Campus
Wollaton Road,
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom
0115 8466217 (Phone)

Qingjie Xia

Peking University ( email )

No. 38 Xueyuan Road
Haidian District
Beijing, Beijing 100871
China

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