Two Measures of Organizational Flexibility

22 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2008 Last revised: 27 Jan 2009

Date Written: December 17, 2008


Since the second half of the past century, increasingly flexible organizational forms are appearing among firms. However, while hierarchies are easily described, too few mathematical tools are available for flexible organizations.

In this article, two measures are proposed in order to assess the state and trend of flexible organizations. The first of these measures is based on information waste, which occurs whenever information is classified into categories. The second measure is based on duplication of operations.

The underlying idea is that firms have an endogenous drive towards organizational configurations where waste of information and duplication of operations are minimized. However, environmental uncertainty may require some flexibility, which is ensured by cognitive processes that discard some information as well as by parallel undertaking of similar actions.

Keywords: Flexible structures, New organizational forms

JEL Classification: L20, D29

Suggested Citation

Fioretti, Guido, Two Measures of Organizational Flexibility (December 17, 2008). Available at SSRN: or

Guido Fioretti (Contact Author)

University of Bologna ( email )

Via Capo di Lucca 34
Bologna, 40126

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