Why Do Europeans Work Part-Time? A Cross-Country Panel Analysis
51 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2008
Date Written: February 2008
This empirical paper seeks to determine the relative contribution of the business cycle and structural factors to the development of part-time employment in the EU-15 countries over the 1980s and 1990s, exploiting a panel of EU countries. In the short-run, the business cycle is found to exert a short-term negative effect on part-time employment developments, which is consistent with firms utilizing part-time work to adjust their labor force to changing economic conditions. Institutions and other structural factors such as changes in legislation affecting part-time employment are found to be key drivers of the rate of part-time employment, significant in the longer run. Overall, although the role of individual factors differs in the 1980s and 1990s, a contribution analysis considering the most significant factors shows that the main structural and institutional variables generally well explain the development in the part-time employment rate in the EU countries, which is not the case in the United States.
Keywords: Part-time employment, working time organisation, the business cycle, labour supply, labour market policies, institutions, regulations
JEL Classification: J21, J22, J28, J68
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation