Socioeconomic Status and Health Care Utilization: A Study of the Effects of Low Income, Unemployment and Hours of Work on the Demand for Health Care in the E.U.

University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper No. 2007-16

Posted: 11 Jan 2008

See all articles by Athina Economou

Athina Economou

University of Macedonia - Department of Economics

Agelike Nikolaou

University of Macedonia - Department of Economics

Ioannis Theodossiou

University of Aberdeen - Business School

Date Written: March 2007

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to shed light on the individual socio-economic status (SES) and demographic determinants of the demand for health care in a cross-comparison study of nine E.U. countries. It focuses on the effects of the individual employment status on alternative indicators of demand for health care that constitutes a largely unexplored area. The evidence supports the existence of an employment status-demand for health care relationship although it varies with respect to the type of health care examined and the institutional and environmental settings of the countries utilised in the study.

Keywords: Demand for health care, inpatient nights, doctor visits, panel data

JEL Classification: C23, C25, I12, I19

Suggested Citation

Economou, Athina and Nikolaou, Agelike and Theodossiou, Ioannis, Socioeconomic Status and Health Care Utilization: A Study of the Effects of Low Income, Unemployment and Hours of Work on the Demand for Health Care in the E.U. (March 2007). University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper No. 2007-16, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1082713

Athina Economou

University of Macedonia - Department of Economics ( email )

Thessaloniki, 54006
Greece

Agelike Nikolaou

University of Macedonia - Department of Economics ( email )

Thessaloniki, 54006
Greece

Ioannis Theodossiou (Contact Author)

University of Aberdeen - Business School ( email )

Edward Wright Building
Dunbar Street
Aberdeen, Scotland AB24 3QY
United Kingdom

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