Public Research and Industrial Innovation: A Comparison of U.S. and European Innovation Systems in the Life Sciences

SCIENCE AND INNOVATION: RETHINKING THE RATIONALES FOR FUNDING AND GOVERNANCE, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2003

Posted: 26 Nov 2007 Last revised: 5 Oct 2013

See all articles by Jason Owen-Smith

Jason Owen-Smith

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor

Fabio Pammolli

Polytechnic University of Milan - Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering; CERM Foundation

Massimo Riccaboni

KU Leuven - Department of Managerial Economics, Strategy, and Innovation; IMT Institute for Advanced Studies

Walter (Woody) W. Powell

Stanford Graduate School of Business

Abstract

Public research systems in the United States and Europe are often compared with respect to their divergent levels of involvement in the private economy. The U.S. research system, with its mix of both public and private institutions, has long played a significant role in conducting research that contributes to technological development and industrial performance (Geiger, 1988; Rosenberg and Nelson, 1994). Historically, this 'knowledge plus' orientation, in which high quality public and academic research tends to be driven by 'joint goals of understanding and use' (Stokes, 1997, p. 15) was contrasted to the European scene, where universities were believed to contribute more to knowledge for its own sake and to the preservation of distinctive national cultures (Ben David, 1977).

Suggested Citation

Owen-Smith, Jason and Pammolli, Fabio and Riccaboni, Massimo and Powell, Walter (Woody) W., Public Research and Industrial Innovation: A Comparison of U.S. and European Innovation Systems in the Life Sciences. SCIENCE AND INNOVATION: RETHINKING THE RATIONALES FOR FUNDING AND GOVERNANCE, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2003, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1032628

Jason Owen-Smith

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor ( email )

Ann Arbor, MI
United States

Fabio Pammolli (Contact Author)

Polytechnic University of Milan - Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering ( email )

Via Lambruschini 4C - building 26/A
Milano, 20156
Italy

CERM Foundation ( email )

Via Fiorentina, 1
Siena, Siena 53100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.cermlab.it

Massimo Riccaboni

KU Leuven - Department of Managerial Economics, Strategy, and Innovation ( email )

Naamsestraat 69 bus 3500
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

IMT Institute for Advanced Studies ( email )

Complesso San Micheletto
Lucca, 55100
Italy

Walter (Woody) W. Powell

Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )

655 Knight Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States

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