The Long Run Performance of U.K. IPOs: Can it Be Predicted?
Managerial Finance, Vol. 33, No. 6, pp. 401-419, 2007
Posted: 5 Nov 2007
Purpose - The aim of the paper is to study the long-run under-performance of UK initial public offerings (IPOs) by relating it to the pre-IPO financial performance of the firm as well as the managerial decisions taken before the IPO.
Design/methodology/approach - The three-year share returns of UK IPOs is studied using various methodologies such as buy and hold returns, cumulative abnormal returns and Fama and French three-factor returns.
Findings - It was found that the percentage of equity issued and the degree of multinationality of a firm are the key predictors of its performance after the IPO. It is also found that small firms behave differently from large firms and suffer from worse long-run performance than large firms.
Research limitations/implications - There is a great need for future research to focus on ownership structure and long-run returns. Further, a focus on the level of debt and venture capital financing in the pre-IPO period may also uncover important relationships with the long-run performance of a firm.
Practical implications - The results obtained from this study provide important information for the prospective long term investors in new issues. While pre-IPO performance of a firm cannot predict the post-IPO performance with certainty, nevertheless the results of this study suggest that long-term investors should show caution while deciding on long term investment in IPO firms.
Originality/value - The paper explains the post-IPO underperformance of firms by relating it to the pre-IPO managerial decisions made in the firm. It also documents the role of multinationality in explaining long run underperformance.
Keywords: Company performance, Share values, Strategic management, Decision making
JEL Classification: G12, G14, G24, D81
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation