The Inventor's Role: Was Schumpeter Right?

37 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2020

See all articles by Pontus Braunerhjelm

Pontus Braunerhjelm

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) - Department of Infrastructural and Urban Planning (INFRA); Örebro University - Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum

Roger Svensson

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)

Date Written: January 1, 2007

Abstract

According to Schumpeter, the creative process of economic development can be divided into three distinguishable stages of invention, innovation (commercialization) and imitation. We show why there is a rationale for the Schumpeterian entrepreneur to also include the inventor in the innovation process. In addition, we provide a framework where the theories of Knight's risk defining entrepreneur and Schumpeter's innovative entrepreneur can be bridged. Merging the two enhances the possibilities of successful commercialization since the inventor may further adapt the innovation to customer needs, transmit information and reduce uncertainty. This serves to expand the market opportunities for the entrepreneur. The empirical analysis is based on a survey covering Swedish patents granted to individuals and small firms, with a response rate of 80%. The results show improved commercialization performance when the patent is licensed or sold to an entrepreneur, or if the inventor is employed in an entrepreneurial firm, as compared to commercialization in the inventor's own firm. Another important result is that, irrespective of commercialization mode, an active involvement of the inventor is shown to have a positive impact on performance.

Keywords: entrepreneur, inventor, innovations, commercialization, Schumpeter, patents

JEL Classification: 031, 032, M13

Suggested Citation

Braunerhjelm, Pontus and Svensson, Roger, The Inventor's Role: Was Schumpeter Right? (January 1, 2007). Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Vol. 20(3), pp. 413-44, 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1017780

Pontus Braunerhjelm

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) - Department of Infrastructural and Urban Planning (INFRA) ( email )

SE-100 44 Stockholm
Sweden
+46 8 790 9114 (Phone)
+46 8 411 7436 (Fax)

Örebro University - Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum ( email )

Södra Kungstornet
Kungsgatan 33, 7tr
Stockholm, 11156
Sweden

Roger Svensson (Contact Author)

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) ( email )

Box 55665
Grevgatan 34, 2nd floor
Stockholm, SE-102 15
Sweden
+46-8-6654549 (Phone)
+46-8-6654599 (Fax)

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