State and Local Anti-Predatory Lending Laws: The Effect of Legal Enforcement Mechanisms
47 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2007 Last revised: 26 Oct 2012
Date Written: August 7, 2007
Subprime mortgage lending has grown rapidly in recent years and with it, so have concerns about predatory lending. In response to evidence of predatory lending, most states have enacted new laws or expanded existing laws to address abuses in the subprime home loan market. The effect of these statutes is a matter of debate. This paper seeks to improve the understanding of this increasingly important issue and pays particular attention to the role that legal enforcement mechanisms play in this context. Our results are consistent with the view that anti-predatory lending laws influence subprime lending markets and that disaggregating the details of the overall legal framework into its component parts is essential for understanding subprime market dynamics. The restrictions, coverage, and enforcement components all have significant relationships with subprime market outcomes, with the coverage relationship found to be broadly consistent with the reverse lemons hypothesis put forward by Ho and Pennington-Cross (2007). The results also suggest that the newer mini-HOEPA laws have had an impact on the subprime market above and beyond the older preexisting laws, particularly for subprime originations. Broader coverage through these new laws is associated with higher origination likelihoods, while increased restrictions through the mini-HOEPA laws are associated with lower origination propensities.
Keywords: Subprime lending, enforcement mechanisms, predatory lending, anti-predatory lending laws, mortgage lending, homeownership
JEL Classification: D82, G21, G28, H73, K23, L51, R21, R31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation