On Thin Ice: The Failure of the United States and the World Heritage Committee to Take Climate Change Mitigation Pursuant to the World Heritage Convention Seriously
39 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2007 Last revised: 23 Jan 2014
Date Written: March 2008
Glacier National Park's iconic glaciers are disappearing at a rate that suggests the loss of all the glaciers will occur entirely by 2030. This is undoubtedly one of the many devastating consequences of climate change awaiting the United States. However, despite the dire need to take action to slow and reverse climate change, the United States has abdicated any international binding targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This Article examines this failure in the context of the melting glaciers in Glacier National Park and the World Heritage Convention, under which Glacier National Park is an international protected area. The World Heritage Convention obliges State Parties to ensure the protection of World Heritage sites like Glacier National Park, meaning, in this case, ensuring that the glaciers do not melt entirely by eliminating dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system via greenhouse gas emissions. Yet the World Heritage Committee, with the United States a key member, has failed to endorse the type of aggressive climate change mitigation policy that is necessary to fully implement this obligation. Moreover, the United States has demonstrated again that it is willing to rely on specious arguments than engage fruitfully with the international community to address climate change.
Keywords: glaciers, climate change, Kyoto Protocol, World Heritage Convention, UNFCCC, mitigation
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