How Information Management Capability Influences Firm Performance
Posted: 30 Jul 2007 Last revised: 10 Jun 2011
Date Written: February 8, 2010
How do information technology (IT) capabilities contribute to firm performance? This study develops a conceptual model linking IT-enabled information management capability with three important organizational capabilities (customer management capability, process management capability, and performance management capability). We argue that these three capabilities mediate the relationship between information management capability and firm performance. To test our conceptual model, we use a rare archival data set that contains actual scores from multidimensional and high-quality assessments of firms and intraorganizational units of a conglomerate business group that had adopted a model of performance excellence for organizational transformation based on the Baldrige criteria. This research design provides unobtrusive measures of the key constructs to validate our conceptual model.
We find that information management capability plays an important role in developing other firm capabilities for customer management, process management, and performance management. In turn, these capabilities favorably influence customer, financial, human resources, and organizational effectiveness measures of firm performance. We discuss the implications of these findings for research and practice. Among key managerial implications, senior leaders must focus on creating necessary conditions for developing IT infrastructure and information management capability because they play a foundational role in building other capabilities for improved firm performance. The Baldrige model also needs some changes to more explicitly acknowledge the role and importance of information management capability so that senior leaders know where to begin in their journey toward business excellence.
Keywords: Information management capability, information technology, IT capability, customer management capability, process management capability, performance management capability, firm performance, performance excellence, business excellence, resource-based view.
JEL Classification: M21, M30, M31, L10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation